WHAT CAUSES ASTHMA?
Asthma is a chronic condition known to have affected millions across the globe. The statistics suggest that there are more than 300 million asthma cases in the world and the numbers are rising day-by-day. The illness is also prevalent among many children.
If you or your close ones have been experiencing symptoms like coughing, wheezing sound in the chest while breathing, you might want to go for a checkup and get it confirmed from a good doctor whether you are suffering from the condition or not.
Asthma is a condition that is caused due to inflamed and swollen airways that lead to over-flooding of the airways with mucus, making the path for air narrower, and thereby, causing breathing problems and eventually leading to asthma.
Thus, it is important to get an insight into the driving factors that cause asthma.
Allergens make way for the production of extra mucus when the airways become inflamed. This occurs when they come in contact with certain allergens. These allergens may be airborne substances such as:
• Windblown weed or pollen or spores
• Dust mites or fungi
• Minute particles of cockroach waste
• Pet dander (like hair) and etc.
2. Tobacco Smoke:
People who smoke or children whose parents smoke are at a higher risk of developing the chronic condition. Moreover, exposure to second-hand smoke may also trigger asthma.
3. Pollution and other environmental factors:
Indoor air pollution or harmful fumes and vapours of moulds and paints have been known to induce asthma symptoms. The nitrogen oxide fumes from gas stove have affected people working for long hours near the gas stoves. Pollution, cold temperatures, high levels of humidity, frequent weather changes, the presence of Sulphur Dioxide, Ozone, etc., also trigger asthma.
People who are overweight — having a BMI between 25 and 30 are at a higher risk of getting affected by asthma.
5. Extreme levels of stress:
Extreme stress levels may sometimes affect the immune system and lead to developing the chronic condition in an individual.
Other factors include pregnancy, airway hyperreactivity and atopy.
These are the major causes that trigger asthma in an individual.
Be careful to notice the symptoms and get a checkup from a good doctor if you notice any of the symptoms.