HOW AUTISM IS DIAGNOSED?
Children suffering from autism have issues with social interaction, verbal and non-verbal communication and also show repetitive behaviours. Diagnosing autism is not easy, as there have been no significant medical advancements in the field of treating it. It cannot be tested by a blood test or any other tests. Doctors usually observe the child’s behaviour to make any kind of development in the diagnosis.
Autism can be detected at 18 months or even at a younger age than that. By the age of two years, it can be diagnosed by a professional, which is a reliable option. However, not many receive the diagnosis accurately until they are older. The delay in detection can lead to not receiving the required help. When infants avoid eye contact and are uncomfortable with physical affection or contact, and as they get older, they have serious issues in responding to sensory experiences, such as responding to certain sounds and the way they look at objects. These conditions can vary from mild to severe and differ from child to child.
Autism is diagnosed with two steps that are Developmental Screening and Comprehensive Diagnostic Evaluation. Every child should be screened for any kind of developmental problems. This can help to identify the problems. This condition should be evaluated by specialized doctors. The evaluation includes hearing and various tests to help identify autism disorders in the child.
A typical diagnosis involves various doctors from various departments like a psychologist, speech and language pathologist, paediatrician and occupational therapist. It is also advised to undergo genetic tests and screening for any kind of medical issues. Medical experts observe specific behaviours that may be the obvious conditions of autism and they mostly appear during the early years.
The two steps of diagnosis are the only ways for observing the developmental issues. Parents should take their infants immediately for early diagnosis so that they can be diagnosed as early as they can.