HOW ADHD IS DIAGNOSED?
ADHD — Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in children and adults has no single test for its diagnosis. It is usually detected after the person shows all the symptoms. There are different subtypes of ADHD that people show according to the number of symptoms that the person is suffering from — Primarily Inattentive, Primarily Hyperactive, and Combined. Lets see How ADHD is Diagnosed?
Diagnosing ADHD in Children:
By adhering to the American Academy of Pediatrics, healthcare specialists like paediatricians, child psychologists, and psychiatrists can diagnose ADHD. Gathering information about the affected person from his/her school, caregivers, and parents regarding his/her behaviour, is an essential step in the diagnosis of ADHD. They observe the child’s behaviour with other kids who are of the same age as him/her; his/her rate of understanding and thereafter they document all these behavioural components.
Some of the common symptoms in ADHD children are inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Children receive a complete physical exam that includes vision and hearing screenings. In addition to this, the FDA has approved of a non-invasive scan that measures the theta and beta brain waves whose ratio is higher in children. A complete medical history of the child is accounted to test if there are any other conditions that might affect the behaviour of the child.
Diagnosis of ADHD in Adults:
There is no particular medical, physical, or genetic test for diagnosing ADHD and this is only diagnosed by qualified professionals, and healthcare providers who help in gathering information from multiple sources. The sources are a detailed report from family members, any significant others, and friends who know the person well. Some tests include cognitive ability to see any possible symptoms related to ADHD.
A doctor cannot just detect the symptoms by talking to the person as he/she may not exhibit the characteristics at that particular time. The guidelines are followed by the extensive research and clinical practice. The doctor looks at the presence of any symptoms in the individual and if they have any possible symptoms in their childhood. It is required that the person has at least five of the symptoms present in them.